The Progress out of Energy Poverty Index (PEPI)

The innovative Progress out of Energy Poverty Index (PEPI) toolkit aims at tracking the progress of energy access achieved by interventions from the energy and finance sectors.
Energy access for all is an explicit goal dictated in the UN's post-2015 development agenda. Whether the development sector assumes a leading role in enabling energy access and commit to meeting the proposed goals will depend on its ability to identify, implement, monitor and track the common targets requiring specific tools for stakeholders.

The PEPI has been designed to support organisations in:

  • identifying the energy services needs of the population of a specific geographic area, in order to efficiently tailor an energy access program;
  • assessing the improvement of energy services provided by modern energy technologies  
  • tracking the level of energy provision over time, by monitoring services cost-efficiency per energy carrier


The PEPI groups the attributes proposed by the MTF approach to measure the access to electricity supply, cooking facilities and productive use into three global attributes, aligned to the SDG Energy targets. Safety is included as a third pillar of the energy access.

The tier-ranking is calculated from the applied questionnaires, which puts the services accessed (ESS and PU frameworks) and devices (CS framework) at the core of the metric. For each framework the multidimensional PEPI is obtained by averaging the tier-progress of the different categories of the respective global attributes.

By observing the tier variation instead of a static tier ranking, the progress measure is less depending on the particular thresholds of the different tiers.

PEPI Toolkit Content

Frameworks: Expanded and modified MTF frameworks for measuring access to:

- electricity supply and services (combined)
- cooking solutions  
- energy for productive use

Survey: An Excel-based tool with a data-collection system to be applied directly in the field. Each framework has its own questionnaire.

Progress Index: By measuring the global attributes separated, an index is built as a composite metric based on the normalised addition of the respective progress indicators (provided from the variation of tier-ranking - positive or negative - over time).


Organisations interested in implementing the PEPI Toolkit in the field are provided with the MS Excel Sheets entailing the Frameworks, Sample Size Calculator, Questionnaires and Data Collection matrix, an user manual, and one-to-one advising for delivery of results and long-term monitoring.

Developed by:

Natalia Realpe Carrillo

Further information please contact: